Different Types of Midwives in Utah

Utah Department of Health Midwives Roles Information


The Birth Center Midwives backgrounds, education and licenses:

NAME                                         EDUCATION                                            CERTIFICATION                                            LICENSE

Rebecca McInnis                         Masters of Nursing and CNM                 CNM certified by AMCB                               Licensed to practice as a CNM in the state of Utah

                                                        training at Frontier Nursing University

Eve German                                Masters of Science in Midwifery               CPM certified by NARM                               Licensed to practice as a LDEM in the state of Utah

                                                         at Bastyr University

Direct-Entry Midwife or Traditional Midwife

A Direct-Entry Midwife (DEM), or a traditional midwife, is an unlicensed midwife who practices midwifery. In the State of Utah, the law guarantees women the right to birth where and with whom they desire without restrictions. DEM’s train in multiple ways such as: apprenticeship, self-study and/or formal classes. They are not required to have a background in nursing or a college degree. Some Utah midwives prefer to practice without licensure or certification for various reasons unique to each midwife. These reasons might include the desire to avoid restrictions on the types of clients they can work with (i.e. mothers birthing twins or breech babies).

Certified Professional Midwife

Certified Professional Midwives (CPM) are midwives who have chosen to meet requirements by the North American Registry of Midwives. These requirements include passing certifying written exams and assessments of hands-on skills. CPM’s have the right to apply for licensure in the State of Utah. However, there are also CPMs who choose not to be licensed.

Licensed Direct-Entry Midwife

A Licensed Direct-Entry Midwife (LDEM), whom are currently required to have their CPM certification in Utah, can be trained in multiple ways such as: apprenticeship, self-study, and formal classes. They are not required to have a background in nursing or a college degree. LDEMs are trained in out-of-hospital births. CPM’s must complete pharmacology training in Utah in order to have limited prescriptive privileges. Trained in out-of-hospital births, licensed CPMs (who will list themselves as CPM, LDEM) can do things like administer pitocin in case of hemorrhage, antibiotics if a mother is a Group B Strep carrier, and IVs.

Certified Nurse Midwife

Certified Nurse-Midwives (CNM) are required to have a prescribed academic background, first obtaining a nursing degree and then, usually after experience as a labor and delivery nurse, gone on to pursue an advanced degree in midwifery. There are currently CNM’s with CNM certificate, Bachelors, Masters and Doctorate degrees. CNMs can practice in various settings with most choosing to work in hospitals and others choosing to work with mothers in a birthing center or at home. As advanced nurses, CNMs have full prescriptive privileges and therefore care for women throughout their lifetime including acute illnesses (like strep throat) and chronic diseases (like Hypothyroid.